Medicine and Rehabilitation
Physiatrists specialize in physical medicine and rehabilitation
and treat a wide range of problems from sore shoulders
to spinal cord injuries. They serve patients in all
age groups and treat problems that touch upon all the
major systems in the body. Physiatrists also coordinate
the long-term rehabilitation process for patients with
cancer, stroke, brain injuries, amputations, multiple
sclerosis and other neurological disorders.
Physical therapists use a variety of techniques to help
clients gain or regain better control of their body
following injury or illness. Physical therapy may be
needed if a client has suffered an injury or illness
that has affected motor skills or function. Therapy
may consist of evaluation, therapeutic exercises, gait
training, adaptive equipment recommendations, massage,
heat or cold, or electrical stimulation.
Occupational therapists help individuals achieve independence
in all facets of their lives. Treatment programs are
customized for each client and designed to improve one’s
ability to perform daily activities. Occupational therapy
can include home-and job-site evaluations with adaptation
recommendations and usage training.
A neuropsychologist specializes in brain behavior relationships.
Neuropsychologists have extensive training in the anatomy,
physiology and pathology of the nervous system and how
injury can affect and change relationships within this
complex system. A neuropsychological evaluation involves
non-invasive, question-and-answer testing that is sensitive
to problems in brain functioning.
therapists assess speech and language development and
treat speech and language disorders which are common following
a neurologic injury. They evaluate, review and help to
implement strategies for memory, attention and concentration
difficulties, and can also help people with swallowing