At UP Health System - Marquette a complete staff of Registered Radiographers participates in and performs multiple extensive procedures that aid in the medical diagnosis for our patients. Our staff is proficient in the many aspects of service that are present in an Emergency and Medical occupied profession. These services include achieving satisfaction in patient care, high quality radiographic results, and proper diagnosis and treatment for our patients. Our staff is dedicated to continuing education and maintaining knowledge of the endless advancements found in the medical field today. We pride ourselves in providing round the clock care in specialties from Fluoroscopy to Trauma Radiography.
How Does It Work?
X-rays are basically a form of the visible light we see only with minor differences in quality. X-ray photons have a much higher energy level than the light our eyes are able to distinguish. This being said an X-ray image is virtually like that of one taken with a camera. Instead of using light to create the image, X-ray photons are used. X-rays can penetrate multiple materials at different degrees, and since our bodies are made up of different materials, such as bone and muscle, we can use X-rays to differentiate the distinct structures within the body.
Our Radiology Department uses a combination of some of the newest state of the art equipment for our imaging services. These encompass techniques and equipment used in Computed Radiography, Digital Radiography, and a PACS (Picture Archiving System) that allows our Physicians to pull up patient studies through the hospital in mere seconds.
Risks / Benefits
X-ray is a noninvasive procedure
X-rays can reveal internal injuries quickly in emergency and trauma cases.
X-rays can be used on patients who have any implanted medical devices such as pace makers or spinal fusions.
X-rays can perform real time imaging, which aids in many invasive medical procedures such as Myelograms and Epidural Steroid Injections.
The radiation used in X-rays usually has no immediate side effects on the patient.
Conventional X-rays have minimal dose as compared to CT Scans.
Even though there is a slight chance that you could develop cancer from receiving radiation we make every effort to reduce your exposure at UP Health System - Marquette. Obtaining an accurate diagnosis out weighs the risks.
Children are more sensitive to radiation. They should not have repeated X-rays procedures unless absolutely necessary.
X-rays are typically not recommended for pregnant patients, please inform the technologist if you are pregnant.
Patients may be allergic to the Contrast used in the Imaging Department.
Effective Radiation doses vary among the different procedures. For more information please visit the following website.
Will It Hurt?
X-rays are painless and the procedures usually follow the same suit. There are slight possibilities that there may be some discomfort depending on the procedure. Patients who are receiving Intravenous Contrast Dye (IVP Dye) may experience a warm sensation, metallic taste, and or the feeling of urination. Please inform the technologist if you are allergic to Intravenous (IVP) Contrast Dye.
If your IV hurts, or you experience any difficulty breathing, hives, or swelling inform the technologist immediately.
How Do I Prepare?
Wear comfortable clothes without metal. The technologist may ask you to change into a gown for the procedure. Bring any paperwork given to you by your ordering physician. Depending upon the exam and previous medical history a prep may be ordered prior to receiving some of the more extensive procedures. Your ordering physician should inform you if any of these are needed. Some of these preps may include withholding medications, withholding food and beverage intake, gastrointestinal preps, lab work, allergy preps, and or hydration. Inform your ordering physician if you have any history of asthma, heart disease, diabetes, kidney disease, thyroid problems, or if there is a possibility you may be pregnant.
Contrast agents provide additional information that could not have been obtained otherwise. The contrast agents that are present in the Imaging Department are sometimes used to highlight the gastrointestinal tract, spinal canal, arterial/venous systems, and organ systems. Such forms of contrast include but are not limited to Barium, Gastrographin, Hypaque, Air, and Intravenous Contrast Dye (IVP Dye).
The Intravenous Contrast Dye used is a clear, colorless fluid that is removed from your body through your kidneys. Patients who are over the age of 60, diabetic, or have lower kidney functions may need lab work prior to their scan. Please inform the technologist if you are a diabetic, currently breastfeeding, or have ever been diagnosed with pheochromocytoma, myeloma, or monoclonal gammopathy.
Some patients may have an allergy to the Intravenous Contrast Dye, it is very important to inform the technologist if you have a known Contrast Dye allergy. If IV Contrast is indicated for your procedure an Intravenous (IV) Catheter will be placed prior to your procedure. Some patients may experience a warm sensation, metallic taste, and or the feeling of urinating upon injection of the IV Contrast media. If your IV hurts, or you experience any difficulty breathing, hives, or swelling inform the technologist immediately.
Post Intravenous Contrast Instructions
For your exam today, you received a special intravenous contrast media called IV Contrast. This is a clear, colorless fluid that is removed from your body through the kidneys.
Resume your usual diet and medications.
To help flush this contrast from your system, and replace fluid you may have lost from the prep, we recommend that you drink extra liquids today. If your doctor has not ordered you to restrict your fluids, try to drink at least ten 8-oz. glasses of fluids (i.e., juice, milk, coffee, water, tea, soft drinks) in addition to what you normally drink with your meals.
If you are diabetic, and take the drug Glucophage or Glucovance (metformin and metformin containing products) check with your doctor about stopping this drug for 2 days after this exam.
If you are nursing it is recommended that after a contrast injection you wait a period of 24 hours and discard of breast milk before resuming breast feeding.
It is not likely for you to have any problems once you leave the hospital, however, the following situations may indicated a side effect from the contrast, requiring medical attention:
You notice a red line leading up your arm.
Your arm feels warm and painful especially at the puncture site.
You develop a fever over 100 degrees Fahrenheit orally.
You develop a rash or hives.
To report any of the above side effects or for answers to any questions or concerns, please all your doctor or the nearest Emergency Department or clinic.
UP Health System - Marquette Emergency Department (906) 225-3561
Emergency Services dial 911
How Will I Receive Results?
Once your procedure is completed it is sent to be read by a Radiologist. The images will then be interpreted and transcribed. A report will be sent to your ordering physician who will contact you with the results of your procedure.
X-rays were accidentally discovered on November 8, 1895 by a German Physicist named Wilhelm Conrad Röentgen. A week after this discovery, Röentgen took an X-ray photograph of his wife's hand. The X-ray photograph, shown below, revealed his wife’s bones and wedding ring. This newly discovered electromagnetic wave (invisible light) was given the name X-ray because in mathematics X represents an unknown quantity. Throughout the centuries, scientific exploits have harnessed the ability to use X-rays in multiple medical advancements. Some of these advancements have not only reduced the radiation exposure to the patient and the Radiographer, but have decreased procedural times, increased the visibility of structures within the body, and served as a gateway to new advancements in Imaging such as CT Scan, MRI, and Pet Scan.
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UP Health System - Marquette
580 W College Ave
Marquette MI 49855